Land Cover (GLCNMO) - Global version

The Global Land Cover by National Mapping Organizations (GLCNMO) is geospatial information in raster format which classifies the status of land cover of the whole globe into 20 categories. The classification is based on LCCS developed by FAO. Therefore, it is possible to compare and integrate GLCNMO and other land cover data products based on LCCS.



Land Cover (GLCNMO) Global version data were developed by the secretariat of ISCGM in collaboration with Geospatial Information Authority of Japan (GSI), Chiba University, and NGIAs of respective countries and regions. The data were prepared by using MODIS data with remote sensing technology.

The data cover the whole globe in grids of 500m (15 seconds) intervals (for Version 2 and Version 3).

To date, data of three periods, i.e., Version 1, Version 2 and Version 3, were developed and provided.

Version 1 Version 2 Version 3
Data source MODIS data 2003
MODIS data 2008
(Terra & Aqua)
MODIS data 2013
(Terra & Aqua)
Coordinate system WGS84 WGS84 WGS84
Resolution 30 arcseconds 15 arcseconds 15 arcseconds
Data type Byte (8bits) Byte (8bits) Byte (8bits)
Bit order Little end ordering
(Intel x86)
Little end ordering
(Intel x86)
Little end ordering
(Intel x86)


Tateishi, R., Bayaer, U., Al-Bilbisi, H., Aboel Ghar, M., Tsend-Ayush, J., Kobayashi, T., Kasimuf, A., Thanh Hoan, N., Shalaby, A., Alsaaideh, B., Enkhzaya, T., Gegentana, Sato, H. P. (2011). Production of global land cover data - GLCNMO, International Journal of Digital Earth, 4(1), 22-49,

Tateishi, R., Thanh Hoan, N., Kobayashi, T., Alsaaideh, B., Tana, G., Xuan Phong, D. (2014). Production of Global Land Cover Data - GLCNMO2008, Journal of Geography and Geology, Vol. 6, No. 3, 99-122, 2014,

Index Code

The following table shows 20 classifications.

CodeClass NameCodeClass Name
1Broadleaf Evergreen Forest11Cropland
2Broadleaf Deciduous Forest12Paddy field
3Needleleaf Evergreen Forest13Cropland / Other Vegetation Mosaic
4Needleleaf Deciduous Forest14Mangrove
5Mixed Forest15Wetland
6Tree Open16Bare area,consolidated(gravel,rock)
7Shrub17Bare area,unconsolidated (sand)
9Herbaceous with Sparse Tree/Shrub19Snow / Ice
10Sparse vegetation20Water bodies

Use of data

Acknowledgement of written sources is necessary. Please show a text, &quat;Geospatial Information Authority of Japan, Chiba University and collaborating organizations.&quat;, on your products.

Countries which cooperated in providing training data and validation

Version 1 (40 Countries and Regions)

Afghanistan, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bangladesh, Belgium, Botswana, Brazil, Chile, China, Colombia, Estonia, Hungary, Indonesia, Iran, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Republic of Korea, Lao People's Dem. Rep., Latvia, Malaysia, Mexico, Niger, Nigeria, Occupied Palestinian Territory, Papua New Guinea, Romania, Sri Lanka, St Helena Island, Switzerland, Syrian Arab Republic, Thailand, The Philippines, Uganda, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Zimbabwe

Version 2 (14 Countries and Regions)

Botswana, Chile, Cote d'Ivoire, El Salvador, Japan, Macao, S.A.R., China, Macedonia, Mexico, Oman, Pakistan, Serbia, Sri Lanka, Thailand, United States

Version 3 (22 Countries and Regions)

Algeria, Australia, Botswana, Brazil, Burundi, Chile, Colombia, Germany, Hong Kong SAR China, Japan, Latvia, Macao SAR China, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Romania, Senegal, Sweden, Thailand, Viet Nam